Mozambique has a great potential to become one of the biggest African economies, yet its leadership insists upon arresting its progress: without human development there's no real development.
Some have suggested that the election of President Filipe Nyusi offered hope for change; however, from what we have been reading this change cannot be produced as long as corrosive corruption festers his country.
In 2010, leaked cables indicated the US was concerned that Mozambican top political echelons (including then President Guebuza) were involved in Drug trafficking. The cables also stated that although Mozambique wasn't "an absolutely corrupt narco-State" (like Guinea Bissau) it was “the second most active narcotics transit point in Africa after Guinea Bissau”.
Drug trafficking in Mozambique is controlled by Mohammed Bashir Suleiman and Ghulam Rassul Moti (of Pakistani origins, with offices in Dubai) with the government's blessing. Sources have confirmed that former President Guebuza and Suleiman are close friends (having the latter inclusively financed the electoral campaign of the former).
Other cables revealed that the drugs flow via two routes:
Route 1 - flying the product into Mozambique from Brazil, via Johannesburg, Lisbon and Luanda, then leaving, by land, to South Africa to either supply the local market or to fly to the European one.
Route 2- shiploads from Pakistan, Afghanistan and India arrive to the ports of Maputo, Beira and Nacala (managed by people directly tied to both Suleiman and former Pres. Guebuza) to supply the mentioned markets.
The opposition is seeking the arrest of President Guebuza (which would lead to the investigation of many other members of the Frelimo Party) for his alleged involvement in two corruption cases (ref: EDM and EMATUM), however how can this be possible when the whole system is rigged by the kickback game?
Under a system such as this, Mozambique will take much longer to fully develop and reach its potential, because the country's wealth will always end up in the hands of an inconsiderate and criminal elite.
But after decades of state sanctioned corrosive corruption, is it possible to change the way things are done in that country? Yes, it is. If President Nyusi has indeed the political will to improve the lives of Mozambicans, he will be able to carry out small changes without disturbing the business opportunities of older Frelimists, while disrupting a vicious cycle that only hurts the common citizen. If Filipe Nyusi wants to attract big investors, he will have to act.
To build a respectable industry in Mozambique (that will create thousands of jobs), we need to look at the country's National Security threats: the fact that the government and/or government officials do business, engage in money laundering, and keep society, with Pakistani drug dealers is problematic given that drug trafficking and laundering funds is often associated with terrorism. Which terror groups is Mr Suleiman associated with, either directly or indirectly? Does he have any mineral-related business in Mozambique and does he work with Iranians? These are serious questions that need answers lest Mozambique becomes known as a state-sponsor of terrorism by proxy.
Regarding security issues still: a couple of years ago, the Mozambican Intelligence Services invited Israel and the US to train its operatives and the military in counter-terrorism operations. Sources told us that the two countries were disinvited because the government suffered pressure from Mr Suleiman and his associates. If we add this to the sudden proliferation of Mosques in Maputo (NB: compare with reports that Saudi Arabia offered to build 200 mosques in Germany as a solution to the migrant crisis), it should be inferred that Mozambique has a problem and therefore, making a massive investment, that will greatly contribute to national human development, can be difficult.
FRELIMO believes that because it fought for the Independence (though it didn't fight alone), and got a bad deal from the Portuguese Socialists, it has all the right in the world to rule Mozambique forever, pocket the country's resources, leave the Mozambican people in the lurch and open its gates to Islamic Terrorism.
If FRELIMO stays in the same path, it will continue to corrode the country. Development on the paper is not real development.
So our advice is to clean house and improve the system. How? Dissecting Society has a plan. If Mozambique wishes to reach its potential, once and for all, it would do well to contact us.